Mr. Barnett was on the China mainland in 1949, lived under the new regime for six months, then went to Hong Kong where he continued to write this analysis of developments in the Chinese Revolution until 1955. The articles in this volume appeared as reports for the American Universities Field Staff and in various foreign policy publications. They present a heavily detailed study of the organizational structure of the Chinese Communist party and the methods used to reform all phases of life to the mold created by the leaders. Chapters on political indoctrination, ideological reform, and economic development give us a picture of a totally and ightly controlled society. Without the sensationalism so often associated with the subject, the general outline is of a cold grey struggle relentlessly carried on between the old and the new China. One of the few anecdotal sections makes The Man-churian Candidate seem possible, if not likely. Relying on Communist publications and interviews with refugees, Mr. Barnett concludes that no outside observer can really know what goes on there, but warns us against foolish speculation over the duration of the present government.