Culled from the writings of Indian chroniclers, from conquistadors history, and from recent Peruvian archeological studies in which the author has taken part, this is a full and vivid account of the reigns of the kings who brought the Andean Empire to full flower. M. Flornoy has cleverly interposed his first chapters in such a way as to give simultaneous pictures of familiar aspects:- the plan of Fizarye's conquest and the Indian capitulation to the Spaniard. These events give clues to the past. The words of the Indian runners passed to each other in sending news of the white man's arrival to their king was ""Viracocha""- and with this went the whole meaning of an earlier prophecy of visitors to come. Gareilaso de la Vega, half Indian, half Spanish, one of the first products of intermarriage in subjugated Peru, is the best know chronicler. His extensive work has been supplemented with another account, the Indian Huanan Puma's, and wherever possible, clarified by the results of archeological studies. Of special value are those of Julie Telio and Rebecca Carrion who pioneered in giving the Incas a true perspective in Peruvian culture. This study is a significant contribution as a scholarly work in which the author has used his material judiciously enough to bring a remarkable society alive and to make real personalities of the men who ruled it.