Subtitle: ""The Evolution Controversy in North Carolina, 1920-1927."" We've all heard of the Scopes ""Monkey Trial"" of Dayton, Tennessee. But how many Americans remember today that is was not a unique confrontation, but actually on the visible portion of an enormous iceberg of last-gasp Christian Fundamentalism that nearly succeeded in freezing academic freedom across the whole South and much of the Midwest? North Carolina was considered pivotal by the anti-evolutionists, and it was only when they failed, twice, to push a bill through that state's legislature prohibiting the teaching of the theory in public schools, that the movement began to lose its once tremendous impetus. Dr. Gatewood, associate professor of history at the University of Georgia, has done a good and most thorough service in sifting through what must have been a great deal of material and digesting the pertinent information. Indeed he has made it all quite readable, even interesting. This battle against ignorance and prejudice does not have to be fought again, but the anti-Darwinists were not the last group to confound scientific and liberal opinion with atheism, Communism, and all other real and supposed foes of the ""American Way."" Thus it is worth knowing how their defeat came about.