A compendium of essays that from the first words of the title leaves readers in no doubt as to the political stance of Mermelstein (Economics/Polytechnic U.; author of The Fiscal Crisis of American Cities and co-editor of El Salvador: Central America in the New Cold War--see Selected Short Notices in this issue). Mermelstein has attempted a rarity here: a book encyclopedic in scope (there are pages of demographic statistics, a complete chronology dating back to ""millennia,"" a glossary, and essays on every conceivable subject, including business, entertainment, sports, history, racial capitalism, American policy, women and apartheid, unions, the church, the police, and many more), yet a book that is polarizing in its militantly anti-apartheid stance. Contributors include Nelson Mandela, Alan Brooks, Sanford Ungar, Leon Sullivan (and Elizabeth Schmidt, who offers a devastating critique of the black businessman's ""Sullivan Principles"" for American businesses in South Africa), Conor Cruise O'Brien, and even Ronald Reagan (his famous 1986 address on South Africa and apartheid), along with Rep. William Gray's rebuttal in which he argues that Reagan's policy is a double-standard, opposing sanctions in South Africa, while continuing them in Libya, Nicaragua, Cuba, and Poland. All in all, the essays cohere to present a bleak picture of the present US Administration's misguidedness, a reflection of the fact that profits seem to come before human fights. As Mermelstein writes: ""American policy. . .has made Communism, not racism, the central issue. This East-West formulation is not shared by most contributors to this volume."" A handy source book that delves behind the headlines.