The biography of India's great prime minister could hardly be separated from the history of India's fight for freedom, and...

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JAWAHARLAL NEHRU

The biography of India's great prime minister could hardly be separated from the history of India's fight for freedom, and Indian newsman, Frank Moraes, provides here the fullest exposition of both available to date. Nehru's association with Gandhi, who knew that when he was gone, Jawaharlal would speak his language, is the core of book, offering stunning evidence of Gandhi's abilities as catalyst, leader, inspirer, sage politician. The influence of the West on Nehru through education at Harrow and Cambridge, through later travel and study, and doubtless through the home struggle, brought the conviction that nationalism was not enough, but that India must become part of the world stream, with the concept of Marxist theory wedded to democracy as a framework for progress. The internal clashes in the latter days are considered -- the trials with Jinnah, who plead for Pakistan and a majority in the Interim Government, who wanted the Punjab and Bengal and had ""a difficulty for every solution""; Gandhi's death, symbol of the extreme terrors of partition, at the hands of a militant Hindu seeking reprisal in Moslem lives; Hyberadad; Kashmir (where the Security Council failed to order Pakistan to withhold support from raiders against whom Indians were called to defend the Kashmiri -- and thereby damaged Indian trust). The relation with Asia, the recent conferences -- Colombo, Geneva, Bandung, the problem of Nepal as defense requirement, the posed destiny of a nation and a man, of the nation without the man, bring the biography to its close. Nehru's private life, eclipsed by his discipledom and emergence as successor to Gandhi, is conveyed as well, in a book that shows the price and prize of freedom sought and suffered for and won. It should bring a new understanding and respect to Nehru.

Pub Date: Sept. 25, 1956

ISBN: N/A

Page Count: -

Publisher: Macmillan

Review Posted Online: N/A

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Sept. 1, 1956