Protestants are more and more becoming concerned about the cult of the Virgin Mary in Roman Catholic practice and theology. In a day when increasing numbers of Christians of all groups are longing and working for the reunion of Christendom, non-Roman Catholics view with alarm what they look upon as a grievous religious and theological aberration of the Roman Church, persistence in which will keep the churches apart, or even increase the gap. That their distress may be based on information rather than prejudice Professor Miegge, a distinguished Italian scholar, has written this book, now made available in English. His plea, after a fair evaluation of all aspects, is that the Roman Church return to evangelical simplicity, and that the consideration of Mary be led back to the place that is legitimately conceded to it in the whole Christian Church. However, he sees few signs that this return is likely to take place and indeed fears that within Roman Catholicism Christianity -as it has been understood and practised through the ages- may surrender the field to a religion in which Christ is no longer the center of worship. This is a book of peculiar and special interest for all those to whom the modern ecumenical movement is of large concern. It is not directed to a Catholic market.