This is the first of five books in a projected series, the United Nations' series, under the editorship of Robert J. Kerner. The other four immediately planned are Czechoslovakia, The Netherlands, Poland, Belgium. This volume on China is a realistic appraisal of the China of today, rooted in the China of the past, each phase, each major period, prepared by an authority. The background, the molding forces, the dominant ideas, are viewed from the long range. There is no sense of this being a polemic for one side or the other; good and bad of both sides, today, are there, for what the reader can make of it. History and political development, Social Revolution, International Relations, Chinese Thought, Folk Religions, The Arts, Literature, Education, Economic Reconstruction, Retrospect and Prospect -- a rich and scholarly record. One cold wish for a more mellow, more human approach; more of personalities. But China's history is a long one; and today is a very small segment. In addition to scholars, of various nationalities, including Chinese, who have contributed to this book, there are chapters by Pearl Buck, Alice Tisdale Hobert, Agnes Smedley, and some others whose names are familiar to the general market.