*Following the discovery of hawaii by Captain Cook in 1778, the islands were profoundly influenced by the intrusion of the West. The author, who has written in the field of cultural anthropology, presents a comprehensive historical and social picture of Hawaii during the period in which it was ruled as a kingdom and as a study of the impact of the European civilization upon the Islanders. Not many years after Cook was murdered by the Hawaiian natives for flouting their taboos (the Hawaiian word is ) Kamehameha succeeded to the throne and for the first time managed to extend his rule to all of the islands. Trade negotiations were carried out, and gradually the Islanders began to imitate the customs of the Europeans and to give up their own traditions. Eventually assimilation led to the disbanding of the kingdom in a rebellion for constitutional government and to the annexation of Hawaii by the United States. This is a thorough history of the Fiftieth State as well as an objective evaluation of the contributions, both good and bad, of the nineteenth centaury imperialist nations to the Polynesian civilization.