The recognition given An American in Italy in last year's place as a winner of the National Book Award, should bring this to immediate and deserved attention. As was the other, this is a spiritual and artistic journey, with passages of fine description and character analysis, not only of persons but of a people. Primarily in search of qualities in Italian theatre and religious art, these things become almost by-products of- Mr. Kubly notes with far more directness and immediacy- the people and the incidents he experiences and most perceptively observes. For him, Sicily is a place of heaven and hell, a large and actual playing out of the contrast that marks itself in such terms as pagan and Christian, spring and winter, Persephone and Fluto, birth and death. Remarkably, there is no in between and all his notes would seem to lead to this. Whether he is discussing the fiery yet prohibitive sexuality of the Sicilian male, or a populace perpetually in mourning and perpetually awaiting their next babies, or Giuliano the political Robin Hood who dreamed of an America he never saw, we are led to see the core of this duality in everything. Yet the theory does not dominate. Mr. Kubly's eye is first and foremost on the people. His descriptions of them form complete and often gem-like essays. More than a delightful reading experience, they provide valuable social definition and an example to all who would travel richly.