For Stoessinger a great deal of war in the 20th century could have been avoided if only the leaders had based their decisions on ""reality and facts"" instead of ""hopes and fears."" Stoessinger finds that each crisis he sets his eyes on (six in all, including Hitler's invasion of Russia) proves his point. World War I was merely a colossal mistake with mobilizations accelerating the momentum: if only the Kaiser hadn't freaked out when the English tried to secure peace. And how many lives might have been saved if Lyndon Johnson were less encumbered by ""his enormous ego and machismo"" and the ruler of Pakistan didn't feel his masculinity threatened by Indira Ghandi? One might be led to believe that after world leaders got some unbiased facts plus one huge group session with a psychoanalyst (or for that matter even a sensitive layman like. . . Stoessinger), we would soon beat our swords into plowshares.