This is a book about Persia (Iran), Egypt, Iraq, Palestine..a book about people and land, only incidentally about cities and culture"". So goes the opening paragraph of the Foreword. Six months spent in the Mohammedan countries of the Middle East have revealed a tragic similarity in the desperate condition of the peasant, in absentee landlordism and indifference to the march of progress, in filth, poverty, disease, ignorance. Little space is given to political problems, except as they affect internal conditions, but countries of which the Westerner has no knowledge, emerge with clarity and individuality, and one learns something of their history, their character, their way of life. No one of these countries has lacked the material with which to work the miracle achieved in Palestine. Most of them have the advantage over Palestine of accessible water, richer natural soil, greater potential wealth. But against all odds, the Jews in Palestine have- in a generation- made deserts bloom, established villages adapted to all shades of need (from cooperatives to individual holdings), established the blueprint for the Middle East.