The Dean of the Perkins School of Theology has made a searching examination of America's much vaunted freedom. Although it is basic in our Constitution and tradition, the author finds such confusion in the American mind both as to the theory and the practice of freedom. He reminds us that our freedom is rooted and grounded in religion and that all of our freedoms are wrapped up in religious freedom. He takes a long look at our religious freedom involving the recognition of the supremacy of the conscience, freedom of worship and the freedom of the Church from State control. He finds much confusion of thought as to the much discussed doctrine of the separation of Church and State. He finds ambiguous and confused thinking reflected in the writing of both Catholics and Protestants on this subject and in the opinions delivered by justices of the Supreme Court in recent decisions- all of which he discusses in extenso. In this connection Cuninggim's main contention is that the true American idea of the relations between Church and State embodies two emphases-one restrictive, the other permissive-disconnection and sympathetic association of Church and State. He holds that the American concept of freedom does not mean that the State should have nothing to do with religion and vice versa. While neither is to control the other, there are many ways in which they can and should cooperate to their mutual advantage. The author holds that this positive side of the question is too often overlooked for fear of the bogey of ""Separation of Church and State"". A well documented and impassioned plea for clearer thinking on this subject. Should be of interest to the clergy of all faiths, to Lawyers and students of politics and government.