Approaching the resounding area of loyalty-disloyalty without clamor, Morton Grodzins applies the knowledge of a social scientist to analyze and compare and democratic national loyalties. The totalitarian regime with its theme of one life, one loyalty, offers satisfactions by manipulating enforced alienation from family and voluntary groups to give life-goals and life-directions, but must also face the trial of dissatisfaction which could reverse loyalty. Democratic government permits and should foster non-nationalist loyalties as ties and as feguards for its citizens -- in diversity lies elasticity and further roles for satisfaction. The author points out the newness of the national concept but stresses that for ""other-directed"" modern man, the nation is the largest point of reference and identification, and most men are patriots either by inclination or default. We analyzes the loyalty of disloyalty, conflicting loyalties and-in short- redefines a concept lightly used in serious situations. He presents some awakening ideas --noting that constant political parties pation on the part of all is a totalitarian characteristic rather than a democratic one, stating that security measures as they are today create more traitors than they uncover. While open to attack, this is a much needed loyalty probe.