A careful and thoughtful study of the forces at work at the close of the Civil War which tended to keep the breach wide open, to intensify the antagonism between North and South, to split Republican and Democratic parties on a sectional basis. Every factor played into the hands of the North. The women of the South were bitter and hurt. They had nothing but the black side of the war. The men were ready to bury the hatchet and start fresh. But the Washington politicians, after Lincoln's death, the attitude toward Davis and Lee, the carpetbaggers, the boosting of the Negro, all served to widen the gap. The North had their first chance to take the lead and they intended to make the most of it. Gradually, other factors crept in. The Southern writers little by little resold the South to the North. The patriotic organizations -- the Blue and the Grey -- did their share. The election of a Democratic president accomplished a great step forward. And finally the Spanish-American War virtually obliterated the line and cemented the nation. A book of somewhat limited value to students of the period.