A persuasive presentation of Israel as a state of mind as well as one of matter points out its importance as the spiritual center of Judaism and as a rallying point in the Middle East for Western ideals. Dr. Miller sketches the breakup of the Jewish nation, the years of the Diasporn particularly in Europe and Herzl's work in the Zionist cause he revived. The further history of Israel includes the contribution of Chaim Weizmann toward the securing of the Balfour Declaration, the infamous White Papers and Britain's support of the Arab League, the Israeli victory. He goes on to give a picture of the growing nation, its use of land, of a reborn language, its general economy, its law. He probes the difficulties with the Arab nations in which the refugees have suffered political victimization (Iraq alone could absorb them if the Tigris- Euphrates was put to work, he claims) through the Arab demand that Israel take in and pay for all the refugees, an impossible move politically and economically. Dr. Miller shows Israel in its relation to world Jewry as a profound psychological stimulus, a figurehead. There may be reaction to interpretation or non-recognition of particular political moves and Jewish problems here, but the tone is generally affirmative.