In the prologue, at Nuremberg: ""Who was on trial here, only the government of Germany or the entire German nation? Or did all the peoples everywhere somehow bear responsibility for the terrible events recited in the indictment...?"" In the succeeding chronicle of political and military events, the answer is obscured by the crudest sort of name-calling: on one representative page--""his government of criminals and thugs,"" ""an incredible mishmash of nonsense and lies,"" ""perverted minds,"" ""loutish Stormtrooper,"" ""such idiocy."" Few would question these evaluations, but denigration tends to weaken the evidence, substitute for analysis, and ultimately prevent the reader from drawing his own conclusions. And, by his own admission, Mr. Goldston is still watching on the Rhine. The coverage is quite comprehensive--brief recapitulation of German history, short life of Hitler to 1923, rise and takeover of the Nazi party, Aryan ""destiny"" and Western appeasement, World War II, including the annihilation of the Jews--and the account has impact. Louis Snyder's Hitler and Naziism (1961) also leans toward indictment rather than examination; as the fuller of the two, this might serve until a more sober, considered treatment appears.