This is the detailed report of a survey conducted to determine, first, the underlying reactions of Americans to ""Communist conspiracy outside and inside the country"", and second, reactions to ""those who in thwarting the conspiracy"" would also jeopardize the liberties they seek to protect. The inquiry, conducted in 1954 by the Gallup Poll and the National Opinion Research Center, involved 6000 men and women, and precise procedures were followed to eliminate sampling only those eager to state an opinion. In addition, 14 civic leaders were selected from towns within a certain population range. All this indicates the thorough and resourceful approach. But only the tables and comparative conclusions can tell the intricate and occasionally startling story of the survey- which has certain limitations as well as more meaningful implications. For reference primarily, and use by civic-mined individuals and agencies.