A chronicle and analysis of the 1960 massacre that left 69 South African blacks dead and 180 wounded. In an emotional but disapproving tone, Harris describes the history of Pass Laws in South Africa and the protests against them (such as the gathering at Sharpeville), the many differences between official and eyewitness accounts of the shooting, and the popular response--locally and worldwide. She goes on to consider why the police action was so drastic and what effect the protest had on blacks, on whites, and on world opinion. She notes, chillingly, that thereafter the South African government was spurred into passing ever more repressive measures, and that the country's economy--after a temporary setback--was booming by the mid-60's. Black-and-white photos show marchers and maj or political figures. Index, time-line, brief bibliography. A thoughtful supplement to more general histories of South Africa.