Brief, autobiographical essays by 35 prominent Negroes who explain the trying conditions of starting out black in America and comment on their own careers and on the Movement. The authors include scientists and architects, ambassadors and musicians, businessmen and social action leaders. Among them, Sterling Tucker, Diahann Carroll, Ambassador Patricia Roberts Harris, Julius Hobson, Duke Ellington, Congressman John Conyers, Jr., and Howard University President James M. Nabrit, Jr. What is striking about these selections is that the writers -- most of them over forty, most of them supporters of the nonviolent civil rights movement, many of them ghetto-born, and all of them successes -- support either openly or tacitly the activities of today's young militants. That is, the impetus to swift and possibly violent action. All, however, favor desegregation rather than a black-enforced return to segregation. Few of these writers are bitter or sentimental, but they do show how color often limited their career choices and opportunities. The editors, who supply biographical headnotes, are at Howard University.