A welcome, concise addition to the literature on the history of science.

READ REVIEW

THE ROYAL SOCIETY

AND THE INVENTION OF MODERN SCIENCE

A simple, delightful book on the Royal Society of London, its members, and accomplishments.

As respected historian Tinniswood (History/Univ. of Buckingham; Behind the Throne: A Domestic History of the British Royal Household, 2018, etc.) recounts, in 1660, a group of friends from Wadham College Oxford met with other academics at Gresham College, London, to form a society fostering experimentation and observation rather than merely refining existing Aristotelian and Ptolemaic thought. By 1662, they were called the Royal Society, with a charter from the king. The Silver Mace presented to the group by Charles II still is exhibited at each meeting. The makeup of the society included physicians, professors of mathematics, physics, and natural philosophy, and some members of the aristocracy (in order to ensure not only proximity to power, but the hope of financial help). The society received its charter thanks to Sir Robert Moray, but it was Robert Hooke, as curator of monthly experiments, who kept the group in the vanguard of experimentation. Just a few of those exhibitions included demonstrations about poison, respiration, and blood transfusions. In 1665, Henry Oldenburg produced the first edition of the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, a first-of-its-kind scientific journal that provided a public forum for an international culture of knowledge exchange that continues today. The society’s repository was eventually combined with the holdings of Sir Hans Sloane to form the basis of the British Museum. Its most important move was sending botanist Joseph Banks, who became the longest-serving president of the society, on the expedition to record the transit of Venus in 1768, a voyage led by James Cook. For more than 350 years, the society has been an independent voice in the scientific community devoid of vested interests and the influence of government, private parties, and universities. Tinniswood’s writing is scientifically clear, organized, and crisp, making this short book a wealth of information as well as a pleasant read.

A welcome, concise addition to the literature on the history of science.

Pub Date: June 4, 2019

ISBN: 978-1-5416-7358-8

Page Count: 200

Publisher: Basic

Review Posted Online: March 10, 2019

Kirkus Reviews Issue: April 1, 2019

Did you like this book?

No Comments Yet

The author's youthfulness helps to assure the inevitable comparison with the Anne Frank diary although over and above the...

NIGHT

Elie Wiesel spent his early years in a small Transylvanian town as one of four children. 

He was the only one of the family to survive what Francois Maurois, in his introduction, calls the "human holocaust" of the persecution of the Jews, which began with the restrictions, the singularization of the yellow star, the enclosure within the ghetto, and went on to the mass deportations to the ovens of Auschwitz and Buchenwald. There are unforgettable and horrifying scenes here in this spare and sombre memoir of this experience of the hanging of a child, of his first farewell with his father who leaves him an inheritance of a knife and a spoon, and of his last goodbye at Buchenwald his father's corpse is already cold let alone the long months of survival under unconscionable conditions. 

The author's youthfulness helps to assure the inevitable comparison with the Anne Frank diary although over and above the sphere of suffering shared, and in this case extended to the death march itself, there is no spiritual or emotional legacy here to offset any reader reluctance.

Pub Date: Jan. 16, 2006

ISBN: 0374500010

Page Count: 120

Publisher: Hill & Wang

Review Posted Online: Oct. 7, 2011

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Jan. 15, 2006

Did you like this book?

A PEOPLE'S HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES

For Howard Zinn, long-time civil rights and anti-war activist, history and ideology have a lot in common. Since he thinks that everything is in someone's interest, the historian—Zinn posits—has to figure out whose interests he or she is defining/defending/reconstructing (hence one of his previous books, The Politics of History). Zinn has no doubts about where he stands in this "people's history": "it is a history disrespectful of governments and respectful of people's movements of resistance." So what we get here, instead of the usual survey of wars, presidents, and institutions, is a survey of the usual rebellions, strikes, and protest movements. Zinn starts out by depicting the arrival of Columbus in North America from the standpoint of the Indians (which amounts to their standpoint as constructed from the observations of the Europeans); and, after easily establishing the cultural disharmony that ensued, he goes on to the importation of slaves into the colonies. Add the laborers and indentured servants that followed, plus women and later immigrants, and you have Zinn's amorphous constituency. To hear Zinn tell it, all anyone did in America at any time was to oppress or be oppressed; and so he obscures as much as his hated mainstream historical foes do—only in Zinn's case there is that absurd presumption that virtually everything that came to pass was the work of ruling-class planning: this amounts to one great indictment for conspiracy. Despite surface similarities, this is not a social history, since we get no sense of the fabric of life. Instead of negating the one-sided histories he detests, Zinn has merely reversed the image; the distortion remains.

Pub Date: Jan. 1, 1979

ISBN: 0061965588

Page Count: 772

Publisher: Harper & Row

Review Posted Online: May 26, 2012

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Jan. 1, 1979

Did you like this book?

No Comments Yet
more