Encompassing much more than its title implies, this necessarily speculative account of Russia's concentration on space-age research is based essentially upon the author's surveillance of Russian language sources. As such, it is a sober and informed analysis of Soviet statements and accomplishments. It is properly critical not only of Soviet boastfulness, but also of America's lagging in what the author feels must be recognized as a rocket and missile ""race"". He shows clearly why the Russians have a distinct lead by means of a historical description of their early interest in rocketry and the especial efforts of their not yet well-known enough rocket pioneer, Konstantin Tsiolkovky (1857-1935), whose early writings and theorizing has sparked the modern Russian scientific imagination. Also valuable to the American reader will be the debunking of a number of myths including the caliber of Russian talent. We are told of their education techniques, their emphasis on the submarine future warfare, their space accomplishments, and their hopes. Another easily digested book from which a warning can be taken. Important for all libraries.