Stimulating study, but of interest to educators primarily. A prominent educator, one time president of Amherst, interprets education in terms of society. He examines first the theories of four great leaders -- Comenius, Locke, Arnold and Rousseau, finding in Rousseau the key to modern education, the need for inquiry and self criticism. Next he analyzes Dewey's pragmatism, which has dominated progressive education for fifty years, and shows wherein it has failed. In conclusion he sees that the future lies first in reasonableness, secondly in brotherhood.