We propose that the United States recast its entire defense effort and rely upon civilian defense based on nonviolent action and thereby do its part in the creation of a world community in which war will no longer have a place."" Thus, from the working party of the American Friends' Service Committee, who go on to discuss preparation and training of civilian defenders, the organization and strategy of the resistance should the United States be invaded, discipline and morale (""as crucial for civilian defense as Napoleon recognized it to be for military conflict""); the role of the military (which ""cannot be overemphasized""), universities, other organizations and institutions. The authors assess the success of resistance in World War II situations and the calculated risk of physical invasion, which they consider highly unlikely if the U.S. presents a peaceful face to the world. The whole is based on the Friends' premise that the risk of being slaughtered is preferable to being a co-perpetrator of the murder of civilization. A considered prospectus of a view at profound variance with current policy which may find adherents in the academic community, could (but is unlikely to) affect the present power structure.