Breaths of restraint amid the war whoops, and a sense of hope that understanding the roots of the problem rather than...

VOICES FOR PEACE

Humane, thoughtful, and just ways of reacting to September 11, edited by Kiernan (Essex Univ., United Kingdom).

Drawn from peace activists, students of Islamic studies, artists, and the general intelligentsia—a majority from the UK—these 40 essayists address the issues that never disappear once the bombing stops: the wellsprings of terrorism that must be approached and dealt with for a lasting peace. There is a modest amount of snideness about collateral damage and the buffoonery of George Bush that feels rather pointless, especially considering the reasoned responses suggested by the majority of writers. These authors ask readers to look a bit deeper, into the mean realities of poverty, injustice, and political oppression—not just in Afghanistan but globally, and not least in the US. They advocate being heedful of ancient enmities and the proliferation of arms (including nuclear and biological), castigate a media bent on spectacle rather than on understanding, recognize the pathetic circumstances of refugees, speak against self-serving morality and isolationism. Some try to get a military response into perspective—how does one fight the “asymmetrical warfare” of the terrorist?—while others, like Edward Said, examine the fallout against Arab people in general (Said uses the Israeli military responses against the Palestinian population as an example writ large) and the distractions generated by zealots: “What is especially bad about all terror is when it is attached to religious and political abstractions and reductive myths that keep veering away from history and sense.” Less helpful are comments like Martin Bell’s remark that peace and freedom “are not a right but a privilege.” Certainly they are a deserved right for everyone, even if they must be fought for and protected once attained.

Breaths of restraint amid the war whoops, and a sense of hope that understanding the roots of the problem rather than scorching the earth is the path to a durable peace.

Pub Date: Sept. 1, 2002

ISBN: 0-7432-3462-6

Page Count: 160

Publisher: Simon & Schuster

Review Posted Online: May 20, 2010

Kirkus Reviews Issue: June 15, 2002

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A PEOPLE'S HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES

For Howard Zinn, long-time civil rights and anti-war activist, history and ideology have a lot in common. Since he thinks that everything is in someone's interest, the historian—Zinn posits—has to figure out whose interests he or she is defining/defending/reconstructing (hence one of his previous books, The Politics of History). Zinn has no doubts about where he stands in this "people's history": "it is a history disrespectful of governments and respectful of people's movements of resistance." So what we get here, instead of the usual survey of wars, presidents, and institutions, is a survey of the usual rebellions, strikes, and protest movements. Zinn starts out by depicting the arrival of Columbus in North America from the standpoint of the Indians (which amounts to their standpoint as constructed from the observations of the Europeans); and, after easily establishing the cultural disharmony that ensued, he goes on to the importation of slaves into the colonies. Add the laborers and indentured servants that followed, plus women and later immigrants, and you have Zinn's amorphous constituency. To hear Zinn tell it, all anyone did in America at any time was to oppress or be oppressed; and so he obscures as much as his hated mainstream historical foes do—only in Zinn's case there is that absurd presumption that virtually everything that came to pass was the work of ruling-class planning: this amounts to one great indictment for conspiracy. Despite surface similarities, this is not a social history, since we get no sense of the fabric of life. Instead of negating the one-sided histories he detests, Zinn has merely reversed the image; the distortion remains.

Pub Date: Jan. 1, 1979

ISBN: 0061965588

Page Count: 772

Publisher: Harper & Row

Review Posted Online: May 26, 2012

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Jan. 1, 1979

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This moving, potent testament might have been titled “Black Lives Matter.” Or: “An American Tragedy.”

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BETWEEN THE WORLD AND ME

NOTES ON THE FIRST 150 YEARS IN AMERICA

The powerful story of a father’s past and a son’s future.

Atlantic senior writer Coates (The Beautiful Struggle: A Father, Two Sons, and an Unlikely Road to Manhood, 2008) offers this eloquent memoir as a letter to his teenage son, bearing witness to his own experiences and conveying passionate hopes for his son’s life. “I am wounded,” he writes. “I am marked by old codes, which shielded me in one world and then chained me in the next.” Coates grew up in the tough neighborhood of West Baltimore, beaten into obedience by his father. “I was a capable boy, intelligent and well-liked,” he remembers, “but powerfully afraid.” His life changed dramatically at Howard University, where his father taught and from which several siblings graduated. Howard, he writes, “had always been one of the most critical gathering posts for black people.” He calls it The Mecca, and its faculty and his fellow students expanded his horizons, helping him to understand “that the black world was its own thing, more than a photo-negative of the people who believe they are white.” Coates refers repeatedly to whites’ insistence on their exclusive racial identity; he realizes now “that nothing so essentialist as race” divides people, but rather “the actual injury done by people intent on naming us, intent on believing that what they have named matters more than anything we could ever actually do.” After he married, the author’s world widened again in New York, and later in Paris, where he finally felt extricated from white America’s exploitative, consumerist dreams. He came to understand that “race” does not fully explain “the breach between the world and me,” yet race exerts a crucial force, and young blacks like his son are vulnerable and endangered by “majoritarian bandits.” Coates desperately wants his son to be able to live “apart from fear—even apart from me.”

This moving, potent testament might have been titled “Black Lives Matter.” Or: “An American Tragedy.”

Pub Date: July 8, 2015

ISBN: 978-0-8129-9354-7

Page Count: 176

Publisher: Spiegel & Grau

Review Posted Online: May 6, 2015

Kirkus Reviews Issue: July 1, 2015

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