A revealing book, and a valuable addition to the record of contributing factors leading to the present war. This is a thorough analysis of the conflicting policies of France and England during the twenty year armistice. Fear was the controlling factor in France, fear of a Germany starting to arm even before Hitler; England was blindly optimistic. Political and economic factors forced changes and prevented union of ideals, until Germany forced their hands. Russia and Italy, on the sidelines, were profoundly effected by the shifting policies. The author has little faith in a European federation maintaining that a balance of power is still a necessity. The book concludes with a chronological world events from 1919 on. Untranslated French quotations are a distinct hurdle.