55,000,000 acres of land had been ceded by the French to the Sauk tribe, represented by Black Hawk's grandfather. Pyesa, Black Hawk's father, as he died, commanded his son to defend those lands for the Indian. But Black Hawk had no appetite for bloodshed. What the whites did not win by force they took with legal technicalities. For the vast acreage of the Sauk and the Fox tribes, the government offered $1000. Between that offer in 1804 and his death in ""the month of the falling leaves"", Black Hawk saw the humiliation of his tribe under the leadership of Keokuk, his successor. With Singing Bird, his squaw, Black Hawk, who had raided the Chippewa tribe at fifteen, spent his last days obligated to the charity of Colonel Davenport, the white friend who admired and defended the Sauk tribe. This is Indian biography factually narrated, without the grace of language which distinguishes outstanding books of this type, such as ""Laughing Boy."" Of regional interest.