This appraisal of the Irish and their literature -- heavily documented and footnoted -- has a double purpose: it collates the facts of Irish literary history from the beginning to modern times, and it specifically deals with the Irish Renaissance. Cultural, religious, social, economic- and to some extent political- history is studies in relation to literary history. It traces the meaning and effect of St. Patrick, Deidre, iseult- and explains the statement: ""Irish culture is stamped with the image of God"". The modern literary men -- Sean O'Faolain, Yeats, Joyce, etc.- are also under scrutiny by Miss Kelly takes a rather dim view of Ulysses and Finnegan's Wake. She feels that Joyce is anti-Church and generally aberrational. A good solid study of Irish literary development that handles its rocky history with lucidity. Valuable for college courses as a text.