This work examines the existing discrimination in employment and the attempts made by federal and state agencies to curb racial job inequality. The authors consider the fair employment laws and the agencies of the 21 states which maintain them only a substantial beginning. The principal facts of employment discrimination and some of the more unsatisfactory practices engaged in by both labor and management groups substantiate the need for widespread F.E.P. laws and adequately financed agencies. The authors recommend a Federal Fair Employment practice statute and sweeping reforms of the administration of the state agencies. This study provides a sober and accurate record of what has been done and what still needs to be done in the area of racial job equality.