SEISMOSAURUS

THE EARTH SHAKER

The fascinating tale of the excavation and analysis of the longest and perhaps heaviest dinosaur known to science. Gillette begins his story with the serendipitous 1979 discovery of several large bones by two hikers in the New Mexico desert. At the time curator of paleontology at the New Mexico State Museum of Natural History, Gillette was put in charge of unearthing the skeleton. After excavating eight tail vertebrae, he realized they didn't match those of any known dinosaur genus. He affectionately dubbed his animal ``Sam'' and named the new genus Seismosaurus, Latin for ``Earth-shaking lizard''—rather appropriate for a 150-foot-long, 100-ton behemoth. Seismosaurus was a sauropod, the infraorder of dinosaurs that includes the Brachiosaurus of Jurassic Park fame. Most of Sam's bones were so deeply embedded in sandstone that Gillette solicited help from scientists at the nearby Los Alamos National Laboratory. The result, he explains, was the first experiment in ``high-tech paleontology,'' as scientists tried to pinpoint bone inside solid rock with such gizmos as ground-penetrating radar and magnetometers. These methods were only partially successful, and Gillette emphasizes that the bulk of the work still involved low- tech hammers, picks, and shovels. The resulting seven-year dig revealed a wealth of bones and 240 plum-sized stones that may have stirred digestive juices in Sam's gut. The second half of the book is devoted to scientific analysis of the fossils and the mysterious process of fossilization. While Gillette neglects to shed much light on the hottest dinosaur controversies, such as their warm- or cold-bloodedness and their evolutionary link to birds, he covers a dazzling range of topics related to dinosaur paleontology. Most important, he sticks primarily to the facts and lets the reader know when he engages in speculation. Fast-paced, almost conversational, and particularly enjoyable for dinosaur buffs. (Illustrations by Mark Hallett)

Pub Date: June 23, 1994

ISBN: 0-231-07874-9

Page Count: 224

Publisher: Columbia Univ.

Review Posted Online: May 20, 2010

Kirkus Reviews Issue: April 15, 1994

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Loads of good explaining, with reminders, time and again, of how much remains unknown, neatly putting the death of science...

A SHORT HISTORY OF NEARLY EVERYTHING

Bryson (I'm a Stranger Here Myself, 1999, etc.), a man who knows how to track down an explanation and make it confess, asks the hard questions of science—e.g., how did things get to be the way they are?—and, when possible, provides answers.

As he once went about making English intelligible, Bryson now attempts the same with the great moments of science, both the ideas themselves and their genesis, to resounding success. Piqued by his own ignorance on these matters, he’s egged on even more so by the people who’ve figured out—or think they’ve figured out—such things as what is in the center of the Earth. So he goes exploring, in the library and in company with scientists at work today, to get a grip on a range of topics from subatomic particles to cosmology. The aim is to deliver reports on these subjects in terms anyone can understand, and for the most part, it works. The most difficult is the nonintuitive material—time as part of space, say, or proteins inventing themselves spontaneously, without direction—and the quantum leaps unusual minds have made: as J.B.S. Haldane once put it, “The universe is not only queerer than we suppose; it is queerer than we can suppose.” Mostly, though, Bryson renders clear the evolution of continental drift, atomic structure, singularity, the extinction of the dinosaur, and a mighty host of other subjects in self-contained chapters that can be taken at a bite, rather than read wholesale. He delivers the human-interest angle on the scientists, and he keeps the reader laughing and willing to forge ahead, even over their heads: the human body, for instance, harboring enough energy “to explode with the force of thirty very large hydrogen bombs, assuming you knew how to liberate it and really wished to make a point.”

Loads of good explaining, with reminders, time and again, of how much remains unknown, neatly putting the death of science into perspective.

Pub Date: May 6, 2003

ISBN: 0-7679-0817-1

Page Count: 304

Publisher: Broadway

Review Posted Online: May 20, 2010

Kirkus Reviews Issue: April 1, 2003

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Ackerman writes with a light but assured touch, her prose rich in fact but economical in delivering it. Fans of birds in all...

THE GENIUS OF BIRDS

Science writer Ackerman (Ah-Choo!: The Uncommon Life of Your Common Cold, 2010, etc.) looks at the new science surrounding avian intelligence.

The takeaway: calling someone a birdbrain is a compliment. And in any event, as Ackerman observes early on, “intelligence is a slippery concept, even in our own species, tricky to define and tricky to measure.” Is a bird that uses a rock to break open a clamshell the mental equivalent of a tool-using primate? Perhaps that’s the wrong question, for birds are so unlike humans that “it’s difficult for us to fully appreciate their mental capabilities,” given that they’re really just small, feathered dinosaurs who inhabit a wholly different world from our once-arboreal and now terrestrial one. Crows and other corvids have gotten all the good publicity related to bird intelligence in recent years, but Ackerman, who does allow that some birds are brighter than others, points favorably to the much-despised pigeon as an animal that “can remember hundreds of different objects for long periods of time, discriminate between different painting styles, and figure out where it’s going, even when displaced from familiar territory by hundreds of miles.” Not bad for a critter best known for bespattering statues in public parks. Ackerman travels far afield to places such as Barbados and New Caledonia to study such matters as memory, communication, and decision-making, the last largely based on visual cues—though, as she notes, birds also draw ably on other senses, including smell, which in turn opens up insight onto “a weird evolutionary paradox that scientists have puzzled over for more than a decade”—a matter of the geometry of, yes, the bird brain.

Ackerman writes with a light but assured touch, her prose rich in fact but economical in delivering it. Fans of birds in all their diversity will want to read this one.

Pub Date: April 12, 2016

ISBN: 978-1-59420-521-7

Page Count: 336

Publisher: Penguin Press

Review Posted Online: Feb. 17, 2016

Kirkus Reviews Issue: March 1, 2016

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