By a member of the Department of Political Science of Ohio State University, this study- in its analysis of what democracy is not, speaks vibrantly and clear for what it is. The Spitz definition of democracy is terse and simple. He holds that the democratic state contains ""at least two central ingredients... the free play of conflicting opinions and the constitutional responsibility of the rulers to be ruled"". Against this he flings the full force of the barrage of anti-democratic thought, the doctrines of individuals, organizations and classes which deny or repudiate democracy. The analysis here is both painstaking and profound, and the book, if largely limited to students of political theory, is a rewarding one.