Responsibility for war or peace in the years ahead lies with three nations,- England, America, Russia. Understanding, tolerance (his synonyms for ""love"") may avert the alternative of conquest. To this end, an Englishman who knows Russia, contributes this philosophical, objective and impersonal analysis of the reasons why Russians act like Russians. Given an acceptance of basic differences, the impossibility of uprooting them, the chances for finding an answer in mutual cooperation are better. But some of the factors he presents make difficult barriers- for instance, his acceptance of the fact that a tenet of the Soviet creed- and Stalin's belief- is the inevitability of clash between capitalism and socialism. He shows the ""anarchy and the communalism, the muddle and efficiency, the silent drift of grey, exhausted faces and faith in the cause, the coercive harshness of the Security Police and the voluntary ardours of a weary people, the stolid, all-enduring passivity of the peasant, and the flame of the Five-Year Plans."" One weakness of his argument lies in his passing over of the expansion program beyond the border of the Soviet. This may be implicit in his acknowledgment of the demand for All as contrasted with generations of NOTHING. But ""understanding- tolerance"" is not enough to atom this tide of aggression. He feels we must give sink Europe the government the ople want, even if it be Socialism; that the swing back of the pendulum in America to exalting uncontrolled individualism, spells danger. Lots of interest here- provided it is read as objectively; dispassionately, as it is written.