The author, an Austrian one-time member of the League Secretariat and now a Professor of International Affairs at The American University, speaks out of a background of a lifetime of study. He warns us that for a long time to come peace will be threatened by aggression, basing his assumptions on the causes of the failure of the peace, the importance of democratic socialism, the debacle of the League of Nations, due primarily to its lack of force. He discusses the lesson of the fall of France; the German enigma; the social and economic -- as well as political --disintegration of the conquered countries, and the terrific problem of reeducation that must be part of any peace plan. He says that Germany must be wholly conquered, occupied and ruled. He pleads for making a European Confederation made up of regional federations the aim of the peace with world government a remote hope. Realistic-challenging. Not easy reading, but revealing and rewarding reading.