A former teacher in American colleges in Turkey, whose first-hand knowledge of that but slowly rising nation dates from 1936 to 1942, has written a comprehensive, a and fluent study of the country until recently dubbed the ""sick man of Europe"" and which now has come to be perhaps our most important ally in the Middle East. Unusually fair to a people whose semi-Asiastic character has often caused them to be misunderstood and even vil by the Western world, she details Turkey's past and present, deying many romantic illusions along the way. Her section on the transition period leads into life in the republic in all its phases and the last portion deals with Turkey's International importance which is of timely interest. Photographs, appendices, chapter notes, bibliography and index add to its value. Attractive format.