This study of Africa today is limited in scope because every phase of the new African culture and economy is examined from the premise that ""the most pervasive and dynamic influence in modern Africa has been the Christian religion's emphasis on the power and respect of the individual"". The Rosses visited 21 African areas and talked with some two thousand Africans. This is their report, and there are marshalled here a large number of pertinent facts showing the ferment that is evident in every field:- in the home, the family, the role of women in society and in industry; in education and the arts and sciences; in the professions; in cities and rural areas. One gets an impression that explosion is inevitable. The Christian church has permeated most facets, but even here criticism is rife; there is a sense of lack of participation, of lack of African leadership and independence. There was plenty of evidence of the color bar; but the intensity of feeling in the Union of South Africa was skirted, or there largely by implication. This should form an excellent groundwork for a wide mission study program. But for the general reader, a more sharply objective and critical overall appraisal is needed.