The searchlight of Erich Fromm's intelligence throws its rays on the society that man has fabricated and considers its effect and suitability in view of the nature of man himself in his current contribution to humanistic thought. Dr. Fromm postulates that man is separate from nature in that in him life is aware of itself and that the human situation rather than the libido is his principle drive problem. While he notes that society has both a furthering and inhibiting impact on man, he here considers the latter aspect as he lambasts the modus vivendi in a capitalist society of consumers where alienation, automation, and quantification combine with the underground authority of conformity to submerge and dehumanize man. He feels that Communism and Capitalism will tend to merge in their effect on man as they are both materialistic. Choice lies between robotism and Humanistic Communitarian Socialism. Dr. Fromm explores the many paths of his subject through a wealth of material, reference, and illustration which, though forcefully expressed, tends at times to be repetitive and discursive. This is minor criticism for a book which offers so much in its stimulating analysis of a society that would make a creature of its creator.