A sound account of a half-century’s functioning of the legislature.

MAKING GOVERNMENT WORK

Thorough memoir makes brisk work of former South Carolina Senator Hollings’s five decades of public service.

The author barely touches on his early years growing up in Charleston, attending The Citadel, serving in World War II and completing law school. “Instead of writing an autobiography,” he explains, “I tell a story of how government once worked and can be made to work again.” First elected to the South Carolina state legislature in 1948, Hollings moved on to become the state’s governor in 1959. He pushed for a sales tax to boost education needs and delicately straddled the line between segregationists and integrationists amid the fallout from Brown v. Board of Education. (He ensured that black student Harvey Gantt was safely admitted to Clemson College without calling in federal marshals.) Hollings’s aggressive attempts to bring big business to South Carolina and his close ties with the Kennedys both worked against him in an increasingly conservative (and decreasingly Democratic) state, and he lost a bid for re-election. However, in 1966 he filled out rival Olin Johnston’s Senate term and was re-elected in 1968. Trips to Southeast Asia opened his eyes to the mistake America was making in trying to “build and destroy a nation at the same time”; the government is using the same “wrongheaded strategy” today in Iraq, Hollings believes. Some of the highlights of his career: the valiant but failed attempt to get South Carolina judge Clement Haynsworth appointed to the Supreme Court; early progress on environmental issues and campaign-reform measures; The Case Against Hunger, a 1970 book rallying against poverty in his state; advocacy of a balanced budget and spending reductions that culminated in the Gramm-Rudman-Hollings Act of 1986; and opposition to NAFTA. In his substantial final chapter, Hollings hectors against the evils of “free trade” and offers a cohesive litany of ways to “rebuild” the United States.

A sound account of a half-century’s functioning of the legislature.

Pub Date: June 10, 2008

ISBN: 978-1-57003-760-3

Page Count: 256

Publisher: Univ. of South Carolina

Review Posted Online: May 20, 2010

Kirkus Reviews Issue: April 15, 2008

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If the authors are serious, this is a silly, distasteful book. If they are not, it’s a brilliant satire.

THE 48 LAWS OF POWER

The authors have created a sort of anti-Book of Virtues in this encyclopedic compendium of the ways and means of power.

Everyone wants power and everyone is in a constant duplicitous game to gain more power at the expense of others, according to Greene, a screenwriter and former editor at Esquire (Elffers, a book packager, designed the volume, with its attractive marginalia). We live today as courtiers once did in royal courts: we must appear civil while attempting to crush all those around us. This power game can be played well or poorly, and in these 48 laws culled from the history and wisdom of the world’s greatest power players are the rules that must be followed to win. These laws boil down to being as ruthless, selfish, manipulative, and deceitful as possible. Each law, however, gets its own chapter: “Conceal Your Intentions,” “Always Say Less Than Necessary,” “Pose as a Friend, Work as a Spy,” and so on. Each chapter is conveniently broken down into sections on what happened to those who transgressed or observed the particular law, the key elements in this law, and ways to defensively reverse this law when it’s used against you. Quotations in the margins amplify the lesson being taught. While compelling in the way an auto accident might be, the book is simply nonsense. Rules often contradict each other. We are told, for instance, to “be conspicuous at all cost,” then told to “behave like others.” More seriously, Greene never really defines “power,” and he merely asserts, rather than offers evidence for, the Hobbesian world of all against all in which he insists we live. The world may be like this at times, but often it isn’t. To ask why this is so would be a far more useful project.

If the authors are serious, this is a silly, distasteful book. If they are not, it’s a brilliant satire.

Pub Date: Sept. 1, 1998

ISBN: 0-670-88146-5

Page Count: 430

Publisher: Viking

Review Posted Online: May 20, 2010

Kirkus Reviews Issue: July 15, 1998

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The author's youthfulness helps to assure the inevitable comparison with the Anne Frank diary although over and above the...

NIGHT

Elie Wiesel spent his early years in a small Transylvanian town as one of four children. 

He was the only one of the family to survive what Francois Maurois, in his introduction, calls the "human holocaust" of the persecution of the Jews, which began with the restrictions, the singularization of the yellow star, the enclosure within the ghetto, and went on to the mass deportations to the ovens of Auschwitz and Buchenwald. There are unforgettable and horrifying scenes here in this spare and sombre memoir of this experience of the hanging of a child, of his first farewell with his father who leaves him an inheritance of a knife and a spoon, and of his last goodbye at Buchenwald his father's corpse is already cold let alone the long months of survival under unconscionable conditions. 

The author's youthfulness helps to assure the inevitable comparison with the Anne Frank diary although over and above the sphere of suffering shared, and in this case extended to the death march itself, there is no spiritual or emotional legacy here to offset any reader reluctance.

Pub Date: Jan. 16, 2006

ISBN: 0374500010

Page Count: 120

Publisher: Hill & Wang

Review Posted Online: Oct. 7, 2011

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Jan. 15, 2006

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