A basic psychiatric orientation on criminal behavior, its origins, its release, the manifold causes of crime and certain overall patterns in various types of offenders, this is perhaps more extensive than his earlier book- Who Are The Guilty? (Rinehart-1952) but reworks some of that material as well as the research findings. (Abrahamsen conducted a project at Columbia and now serves the N.Y. Department of Mental Hygiene.) He relates the criminal act to its origins within society, within the community, within the family and within the offender himself; he considers not only the natural predispositions toward crime but also the particular precipitating factors; he shows the similarities between the neurotic individual and the criminal, analyzes types of acute and chronic offenders, the sex offender, the murderer (where unconscious motivation is the strongest driving force) etc., and then surveys the limitations of the law in relation to the criminal, the possibilities for treatment and rehabilitation, the installation of preventive and corrective measures. It is a broad, psychiatric interpretation which draws on orthodox (Freudian) ground rules for psychopathological behavior and its causation. As such it should be valuable to all those working with delinquents or more serious offenders, in welfare or penalogical work or at the clinical level.