Well-reasoned, articulate and succinct, with a refreshing morality and a true sense of the value of self-worth.

Leadership and Consciousness


Grayeb, a business leader who has held management positions at major pharmaceutical companies, writes effortlessly and eloquently about the need for today’s leaders to be fully aware and socially conscious.

Consider this a leadership book with a lot of soul. In crisp, instructive text supported by pertinent examples from the workplace, Grayeb describes “an integrated leadership model” consisting of three “Rings of Conscious Leadership”—self-awareness, team-awareness and community-awareness. Grayeb proceeds to skillfully explain each, layering his strong, simple prose with a dose of insight borne of experience and his own introspection. About self-awareness, for example, he writes that leading with consciousness demands purpose, but it also “requires that we focus on what we have (the present) instead of being distracted by an illusion of something we cannot act on anymore (the past) or control (the future).” When it comes to leading a team, Grayeb advocates a “conscious culture” that “instills in [members] the will to lead themselves by finding their own purposes.” As for community, the third ring, Grayeb sees a higher purpose for business than profit alone: “A conscious business is then made of people who are fully aware of the impact their actions have…who manage to consciously balance business with social impact.” In closing, Grayeb suggests that a leader’s change must come from within: “Let’s make our mark, starting with ourselves, then with our work colleagues, then with the companies we work in, and then with the communities we interact with.” This is heady stuff written at a higher level and with a greater good in mind. As such, it is well beyond the typical how-to-lead boundary of most similar books. In about 100 pages, the author delves deeply into the broader meaning of leadership, intertwining business and personal development in a timely discussion that will resonate with thoughtful leaders.

Well-reasoned, articulate and succinct, with a refreshing morality and a true sense of the value of self-worth.

Pub Date: Feb. 5, 2014

ISBN: 978-1-4936-3312-8

Page Count: 118

Publisher: CreateSpace

Review Posted Online: April 15, 2014

Kirkus Reviews Issue: May 15, 2014

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Striking research showing the immense complexity of ordinary thought and revealing the identities of the gatekeepers in our...


A psychologist and Nobel Prize winner summarizes and synthesizes the recent decades of research on intuition and systematic thinking.

The author of several scholarly texts, Kahneman (Emeritus Psychology and Public Affairs/Princeton Univ.) now offers general readers not just the findings of psychological research but also a better understanding of how research questions arise and how scholars systematically frame and answer them. He begins with the distinction between System 1 and System 2 mental operations, the former referring to quick, automatic thought, the latter to more effortful, overt thinking. We rely heavily, writes, on System 1, resorting to the higher-energy System 2 only when we need or want to. Kahneman continually refers to System 2 as “lazy”: We don’t want to think rigorously about something. The author then explores the nuances of our two-system minds, showing how they perform in various situations. Psychological experiments have repeatedly revealed that our intuitions are generally wrong, that our assessments are based on biases and that our System 1 hates doubt and despises ambiguity. Kahneman largely avoids jargon; when he does use some (“heuristics,” for example), he argues that such terms really ought to join our everyday vocabulary. He reviews many fundamental concepts in psychology and statistics (regression to the mean, the narrative fallacy, the optimistic bias), showing how they relate to his overall concerns about how we think and why we make the decisions that we do. Some of the later chapters (dealing with risk-taking and statistics and probabilities) are denser than others (some readers may resent such demands on System 2!), but the passages that deal with the economic and political implications of the research are gripping.

Striking research showing the immense complexity of ordinary thought and revealing the identities of the gatekeepers in our minds.

Pub Date: Nov. 1, 2011

ISBN: 978-0-374-27563-1

Page Count: 512

Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux

Review Posted Online: Sept. 4, 2011

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Sept. 15, 2011

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A declaration worth hearing out in a time of growing inequality—and indignity.


Noted number cruncher Sperling delivers an economist’s rejoinder to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.

Former director of the National Economic Council in the administrations of Presidents Bill Clinton and Barack Obama, the author has long taken a view of the dismal science that takes economic justice fully into account. Alongside all the metrics and estimates and reckonings of GDP, inflation, and the supply curve, he holds the great goal of economic policy to be the advancement of human dignity, a concept intangible enough to chase the econometricians away. Growth, the sacred mantra of most economic policy, “should never be considered an appropriate ultimate end goal” for it, he counsels. Though 4% is the magic number for annual growth to be considered healthy, it is healthy only if everyone is getting the benefits and not just the ultrawealthy who are making away with the spoils today. Defining dignity, admits Sperling, can be a kind of “I know it when I see it” problem, but it does not exist where people are a paycheck away from homelessness; the fact, however, that people widely share a view of indignity suggests the “intuitive universality” of its opposite. That said, the author identifies three qualifications, one of them the “ability to meaningfully participate in the economy with respect, not domination and humiliation.” Though these latter terms are also essentially unquantifiable, Sperling holds that this respect—lack of abuse, in another phrasing—can be obtained through a tight labor market and monetary and fiscal policy that pushes for full employment. In other words, where management needs to come looking for workers, workers are likely to be better treated than when the opposite holds. In still other words, writes the author, dignity is in part a function of “ ‘take this job and shove it’ power,” which is a power worth fighting for.

A declaration worth hearing out in a time of growing inequality—and indignity.

Pub Date: May 5, 2020

ISBN: 978-1-9848-7987-5

Page Count: 384

Publisher: Penguin Press

Review Posted Online: Feb. 26, 2020

Kirkus Reviews Issue: March 15, 2020

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