AMERICA REVISED

An intelligent, reflective examination of American history textbooks by an author (Fire in the Lake) of consuming curiosity and no crippling allegiances. Fitzgerald has looked into the textbook industry, where editors reign and worthies lend their names, and into the all-controlling, differentially weighted textbook-adoption process (when Newark and Detroit rose up, children everywhere learned that America was multiracial); she's read the texts themselves, from the consensus products of the early Republic to today's diverse output; and she's studied the currents of thought, the conflicts, the reforms and retrenchments, within the educational establishment. Her dual concern: what the textbooks do convey and what they don't accomplish. Thus, her central section describes the changing treatment of immigrants, blacks, Indians (who alone declined in esteem), Latinos (inheritors of "Hispanophobia"), the poor, the Vietnam War, and foreign policy generally. In one case, she asks, provocatively, what a truly "multiracial, multicultural" history would be like (the message would be "that Americans have no common history, no common culture, and no common values"); in another, she concludes that, insofar as they treat "international relations as the sum of a government's foreign policy," national histories are outdated per se. But she is most distressed by the dullness, vapidity, and lack of continuity in the texts ("the naturaldisaster theory of history"), which she attributes to their practice of ignoring ideas, their lack of intellectual content—traceable, in turn, to the inherent "intellectual reductiveness of pedagogical thinking." Let us not perpetrate "bland fictions," she argues, but face up to conflict and suffering—in and out of school. Vigorous and persuasive.

Pub Date: Oct. 16, 1979

ISBN: 039474439X

Page Count: 258

Publisher: Little, Brown

Review Posted Online: Oct. 10, 2011

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Oct. 1, 1979

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A celebration of fantasy that melds modern ideology with classic tropes. More of these dragons, please.

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THE PRIORY OF THE ORANGE TREE

After 1,000 years of peace, whispers that “the Nameless One will return” ignite the spark that sets the world order aflame.

No, the Nameless One is not a new nickname for Voldemort. Here, evil takes the shape of fire-breathing dragons—beasts that feed off chaos and imbalance—set on destroying humankind. The leader of these creatures, the Nameless One, has been trapped in the Abyss for ages after having been severely wounded by the sword Ascalon wielded by Galian Berethnet. These events brought about the current order: Virtudom, the kingdom set up by Berethnet, is a pious society that considers all dragons evil. In the East, dragons are worshiped as gods—but not the fire-breathing type. These dragons channel the power of water and are said to be born of stars. They forge a connection with humans by taking riders. In the South, an entirely different way of thinking exists. There, a society of female mages called the Priory worships the Mother. They don’t believe that the Berethnet line, continued by generations of queens, is the sacred key to keeping the Nameless One at bay. This means he could return—and soon. “Do you not see? It is a cycle.” The one thing uniting all corners of the world is fear. Representatives of each belief system—Queen Sabran the Ninth of Virtudom, hopeful dragon rider Tané of the East, and Ead Duryan, mage of the Priory from the South—are linked by the common goal of keeping the Nameless One trapped at any cost. This world of female warriors and leaders feels natural, and while there is a “chosen one” aspect to the tale, it’s far from the main point. Shannon’s depth of imagination and worldbuilding are impressive, as this 800-pager is filled not only with legend, but also with satisfying twists that turn legend on its head. Shannon isn’t new to this game of complex storytelling. Her Bone Season novels (The Song Rising, 2017, etc.) navigate a multilayered society of clairvoyants. Here, Shannon chooses a more traditional view of magic, where light fights against dark, earth against sky, and fire against water. Through these classic pairings, an entirely fresh and addicting tale is born. Shannon may favor detailed explication over keeping a steady pace, but the epic converging of plotlines at the end is enough to forgive.

A celebration of fantasy that melds modern ideology with classic tropes. More of these dragons, please.

Pub Date: Feb. 26, 2019

ISBN: 978-1-63557-029-8

Page Count: 848

Publisher: Bloomsbury

Review Posted Online: Dec. 23, 2018

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Jan. 15, 2019

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With its bug-eyed monsters, one might think Dune was written thirty years ago; it has a fantastically complex schemata and...

DUNE

This future space fantasy might start an underground craze.

It feeds on the shades of Edgar Rice Burroughs (the Martian series), Aeschylus, Christ and J.R. Tolkien. The novel has a closed system of internal cross-references, and features a glossary, maps and appendices dealing with future religions and ecology. Dune itself is a desert planet where a certain spice liquor is mined in the sands; the spice is a supremely addictive narcotic and control of its distribution means control of the universe. This at a future time when the human race has reached a point of intellectual stagnation. What is needed is a Messiah. That's our hero, called variously Paul, then Muad'Dib (the One Who Points the Way), then Kwisatz Haderach (the space-time Messiah). Paul, who is a member of the House of Atreides (!), suddenly blooms in his middle teens with an ability to read the future and the reader too will be fascinated with the outcome of this projection.

With its bug-eyed monsters, one might think Dune was written thirty years ago; it has a fantastically complex schemata and it should interest advanced sci-fi devotees.

Pub Date: Oct. 15, 1965

ISBN: 0441013597

Page Count: 411

Publisher: Chilton

Review Posted Online: Nov. 2, 2011

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Oct. 1, 1965

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