On the fair assumption that Freud is synonymous with psychiatry, the author provides an introduction to psychoanalytic theory as exemplified in the life and work of the man who demonstrated the interrelationship of ideas and experiences. That sounds forbidding -- but this isn't. Each of Freud's intense relationships -- with his over-indulgent mother, with his sometimes disillusioning father, with his friend (and nephew) John, whom he loved and hated, with the followers who frequently deserted him --is explored as he himself explored them, to arrive at an understanding of motivation, and behavior. The light cast on his methods is sufficiently clear to enable the reader to question his reasoning, and to understand the divergences of his disciples. Adrian Stoutenburg's Explorer of the Unconscious, Sigmund Freud (1965, p. 119, J-47) was a similarly full and frank treatment of the subject, closer to conventional juvenile biography in its reliance on incident; both deserve an audience. Mrs. Klagsbrun is without artifice -- and rather without art -- as a writer; she succeeds by reflecting the strength of Freud's convictions.