The specific challenge is that of the population explosion-- the ""biological avalanche"" and the price women will have to pay if her maternal desires and satisfactions are further curtailed. This book is the direct record of a symposium held at the University of California Medical Center and a number of valuable commentators contribute: Eve Merriam on the new ""megapolis"" and women's rights and expectations; Mirra Komarovsky on the unnecessary stresses imposed by the overworked early years, empty later ones; Max Lerner on the disappearing (absentee or unauthoritative) father; Jules Henry (he's very good) on the forty year old casualty created by the fallacies of youth, beauty and romance, etc. Actually however the book deals with women's problems in general in the new structure of society: their identity; their image; and particularly what they should do with themselves. It is the type of intelligent discussion which Robert Lifton and the Editors of Daedalus offered in The Woman in America (Houghton Mifflin-1965- p. 871) even if the challenge ultimately seems to be more of a cul-de-sac. ""Creative Housekeeping""?