Here, Berger describes society's latest efforts to eliminate the habit. A long historical introduction shows how, through a combination of greed, ignorance, and government support, tobacco grew to be a major cash crop after the 16th century; how, beginning with the mid-19th century, cigarette smoking became especially popular in the military; and how, in the two World Wars, smoking was such an integral part of the soldier's total image that criticism was considered unpatriotic. The 20th century, though, has seen massive studies linking tobacco use to various health problems, and the author presents plenty of the facts and figures that have resulted, repeating the arguments against smoking, and paying special attention to recent findings about the deleterious effects of passive exposure to tobacco smoke. Information here is current to late 1986; index, sources, list of addresses at end. Dark black, and-white illustrations are a well-chosen variety of old prints, advertisements, and smokers in action. A carefully researched, up-to-date summary.