The resident correspondent of the New York Times has given the greater part of 15 years to a closeup study of Russia:- the Russia of Stalin, which he reported in American in Russia: and now- again given a visa to return to Russia, a closeup of Khrushchev's Russia. The keynote of this book is change:- in the people, in science, industry, agriculture, education, in access to a higher standard of living, in housing, clothes, freedom. No longer is Russia a police state- and Khrushchev's stated desire for ""peaceful co-existence"" and a chance for a hiatus in suspicion, opposition, emphasis on the ""bad"" so that Russia can give her citizens what they want -- is, Salisbury feels, sincere and far-reaching. Many of his demands- the withdrawal from bases, for example, are realistic. The bases are obsolete in face of nuclear weapons. It is in China we face our real opponent, and -- with our false start in that direction-probably only Russia, herself fearful of China, could act as mediator. This is- many will feel- a rose-colored picture of Russia. Salisbury says we must step out of the stranglehold of false impressions and see the facts, the shifts in personnel, in values, in goals, in both the domestic and foreign policy of the Soviet. This is a very personal book, full of color and action and personalities- and opinions. Only parts of it have appeared in the series in the press. Well worth reading-and pondering.