A critical study concerned with the works and artists of the 20th's century's first 50 years, this places modern masters within a framework of their national backgrounds and education, schools and techniques, masters and disciples, that have shaped each and been in turn influenced by them. There are sketches of Picasso, influenced always by the ideas and temper of the period in which he worked; of Matisse, much more concerned with purely formal elements; the abstractionist Braque; the Cubist Leger; the expressionists Roualt and Nolde; Chagall and de Chirico, representatives of fantasy and surrealism as were Miro and Klee. American moderns touched upon are John Marin, Rufino Tamayo, Lionel Feininger, Stuart Davis, Jack Levine, Stahn, and Orozco. A simply presented but substantial text for followers and students of modern art. The author, a professor at Michigan State College, is also author of A Short History of Chinese Art.