Congressman Whitten of Mississippi, Chairman of the House Subcommittee on Agricultural Appropriations and a member of the traveling symposium on pesticides organized by the National Academy of Science-Research Council in 1964, counters Rachel Carson's Silent Spring cry against pesticides. ""The people of America must understand that pesticides today are essential to modern farming,"" he asserts, and warns, ""Let us pledge that we will not accept as fact the fantasy of Silent Spring."" He is pro-pesticides. He sets forth their areas of usefulness in public health, farming, protecting forests and ranges, at home on lawn and garden. He claims that wildlife population has increased since the pesticides, points to the waste from an endrin-producing factory rather than farmland run-off as a possible but not proven reason for the great fish kill in 1964. His examples indicate that controls are more stringent than necessary (the cranberry incident affected the innocent as well as the implicated and depressed Ocean Spray prices for four years). His facts while not always conclusive will convince those who wish to be convinced and perhaps help to restore the balance of perspective on a scare issue.