To disarm or not to disarm? James Warburg, internationally known as a banker, economist, political adviser and author, believes that the answer is planned disarmament. Almost as if he were writing a diary, he examines the history of disarmament plans, programs and proposals, from 1945 on, showing how each side tries to create a favorable political atmosphere. (An appendix includes the various plans discussed). He pleads for a definite policy where the military will be subordinated to the political. He weighs the weaknesses and the errors of both the Truman and Eisenhower programs for disarmament. He favors serious consideration of the Polish Bapacki plan of a neutral belt through Europe. He quotes John Foster Dulles to the effect that ""if the government of China in fact proves its ability to govern China without serious domestic resistance, then it, too, should be admitted to the United Nations"". He feels it most important in planning for disarmament that mainland China must be taken into consultation. He maintains disarmament will prove revolutionary to our economy and plans must be made in advance for the change- over from military programs to peacetime production. He gives many concrete suggestions to this end. Not an easy book to assimilate. It should be read carefully so as to approach acceptance of some of the necessary steps to forestall the tragedy of thermo-nuclear warfare. Controversial and challenging.