This- on many counts- is a book that should appeal to a wider market than anything Warburg has done. Where previously he has taken one segment or one approach to an issue, and handled it challengingly and provocatively, this time he has, in the space of a carefully reasoned and very readable single volume, given a background of the history of American foreign policy from its inception. And on this foundation, he has analyzed contemporary ramifications of foreign policy, its successes and failures, its crisis today. In our early years we had two dominant aims:- the establishment of a transcontinental nation, the expansion and protection of trade at home and abroad; our foreign policy was shaped by our presidents and their secretaries of state. Then came fifty years of no constructive policy while we transformed ourselves into a self sufficient nation. With World War II we were forced into a position of responsibility, and today, our leadership assumed, we can by default of affirmative leadership, insure civilization's end. We hesitate to reorient ourselves towards affirmation of a purpose for freedom instead of against Communism. The shift of power from the executive to the legislative under dominance of pressure groups is in part responsible, but the legacy of the Truman administration, not wholly affect by the positive contributions, has not been reversed by an administration swinging back to laissez faire, and permitting a flight from freedom within its borders. Republicans and Democrats must share the responsibility and study the lessons of our history. A valuable book for those who want a thoughtful approach to better understanding of the trends.