The Dead Sea Scrolls discovered in the caves of Qumran have caused a great stir in the world of Biblical scholarship. The scrolls have thrown new light on the pre-Christian and early Christian days, on some of the Old Testament scriptures, and particularly on the ascetic world of the Essenes, a desert community sect, which could scarcely have failed to have some influence on the early Christian community. Their manuscripts say much about their Teacher of Righteousness, a holy and saintly person obviously highly revered as their leader. Some scholars and journalists have rather precipitately concluded that this Teacher may well have been Jesus himself. Jean Armignac, however, by a meticulous and careful study of all the available texts and fragmentary allusions, shows conclusively that such a conclusion cannot fairly be drawn from the available evidence. In fact, among the various Jewish sects of the day, Essenism departs farthest from the direction taken by Christianity. In fact if Christ, as the world has now come to understand him, had not lived, Christianity could never have been born. This valuable study will be reassuring to orthodox Christians, and is itself a much needed and scholarly evaluation of all the other studies made to date,- a corrective and an ""additive"".