A well-written, straightforward business manual that covers familiar material in an effective and engaging way.

TWENTY-FIVE STRATEGIES FOR ORGANIZATIONAL SUCCESS

A debut handbook for managers addresses all aspects of shaping and guiding a business.

In this volume, Gaston draws on decades of experience in security and defense-related industries to provide a list of rules for managers working on both day-to-day issues and broader questions of strategy and procedure. Using an outline-style format with frequent bullet points and subheadings, the author steers readers through managing their own career paths (“Take time to determine what you want to do, when you want to do it, and where you want to be”), serving as significant assets to their superiors (“Your boss is the most important person in your organizational chain”), limiting the impact of overhead expenses (“Be prepared to close down failing non-core business initiatives that exceed budget, break deadlines, or do not meet basic return-on-investment expectations”), and ensuring the security of proprietary information (“The theft of trade secrets is alive and well”), among other matters. Each facet of management strategy, personal development, and leadership techniques is presented in its own chapter, concluding with a checklist of action items on the topic and Gaston’s summary of his key points. The author’s defense and security background brings a unique perspective to traditional management advice, with recommendations to hire veterans included among the tips for staffing a successful company and frequent mentions of working with government contracts throughout. While none of the information in these pages will be groundbreaking to readers already familiar with business literature, Gaston does an expert job of offering his strategies in a highly readable format ideal for quick reference. In addition, the author delivers a substantial amount of solid advice that readers new to the topic are likely to find useful. The concise guide also includes detailed information on subjects like contingency planning and physical security that are less often addressed in volumes on management theory, adding to its value in a collection of resources.

A well-written, straightforward business manual that covers familiar material in an effective and engaging way.

Pub Date: April 7, 2017

ISBN: 978-1-5127-7739-0

Page Count: 192

Publisher: Westbow Press

Review Posted Online: Aug. 9, 2017

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Oct. 15, 2017

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Striking research showing the immense complexity of ordinary thought and revealing the identities of the gatekeepers in our...

THINKING, FAST AND SLOW

A psychologist and Nobel Prize winner summarizes and synthesizes the recent decades of research on intuition and systematic thinking.

The author of several scholarly texts, Kahneman (Emeritus Psychology and Public Affairs/Princeton Univ.) now offers general readers not just the findings of psychological research but also a better understanding of how research questions arise and how scholars systematically frame and answer them. He begins with the distinction between System 1 and System 2 mental operations, the former referring to quick, automatic thought, the latter to more effortful, overt thinking. We rely heavily, writes, on System 1, resorting to the higher-energy System 2 only when we need or want to. Kahneman continually refers to System 2 as “lazy”: We don’t want to think rigorously about something. The author then explores the nuances of our two-system minds, showing how they perform in various situations. Psychological experiments have repeatedly revealed that our intuitions are generally wrong, that our assessments are based on biases and that our System 1 hates doubt and despises ambiguity. Kahneman largely avoids jargon; when he does use some (“heuristics,” for example), he argues that such terms really ought to join our everyday vocabulary. He reviews many fundamental concepts in psychology and statistics (regression to the mean, the narrative fallacy, the optimistic bias), showing how they relate to his overall concerns about how we think and why we make the decisions that we do. Some of the later chapters (dealing with risk-taking and statistics and probabilities) are denser than others (some readers may resent such demands on System 2!), but the passages that deal with the economic and political implications of the research are gripping.

Striking research showing the immense complexity of ordinary thought and revealing the identities of the gatekeepers in our minds.

Pub Date: Nov. 1, 2011

ISBN: 978-0-374-27563-1

Page Count: 512

Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux

Review Posted Online: Sept. 4, 2011

Kirkus Reviews Issue: Sept. 15, 2011

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A declaration worth hearing out in a time of growing inequality—and indignity.

ECONOMIC DIGNITY

Noted number cruncher Sperling delivers an economist’s rejoinder to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.

Former director of the National Economic Council in the administrations of Presidents Bill Clinton and Barack Obama, the author has long taken a view of the dismal science that takes economic justice fully into account. Alongside all the metrics and estimates and reckonings of GDP, inflation, and the supply curve, he holds the great goal of economic policy to be the advancement of human dignity, a concept intangible enough to chase the econometricians away. Growth, the sacred mantra of most economic policy, “should never be considered an appropriate ultimate end goal” for it, he counsels. Though 4% is the magic number for annual growth to be considered healthy, it is healthy only if everyone is getting the benefits and not just the ultrawealthy who are making away with the spoils today. Defining dignity, admits Sperling, can be a kind of “I know it when I see it” problem, but it does not exist where people are a paycheck away from homelessness; the fact, however, that people widely share a view of indignity suggests the “intuitive universality” of its opposite. That said, the author identifies three qualifications, one of them the “ability to meaningfully participate in the economy with respect, not domination and humiliation.” Though these latter terms are also essentially unquantifiable, Sperling holds that this respect—lack of abuse, in another phrasing—can be obtained through a tight labor market and monetary and fiscal policy that pushes for full employment. In other words, where management needs to come looking for workers, workers are likely to be better treated than when the opposite holds. In still other words, writes the author, dignity is in part a function of “ ‘take this job and shove it’ power,” which is a power worth fighting for.

A declaration worth hearing out in a time of growing inequality—and indignity.

Pub Date: May 5, 2020

ISBN: 978-1-9848-7987-5

Page Count: 384

Publisher: Penguin Press

Review Posted Online: Feb. 26, 2020

Kirkus Reviews Issue: March 15, 2020

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