Of more general interest than the limitations of title would suggest, this is a scholarly but highly readable study of China today and the possibilities of the future, in terms of its history. The author views the interwoven strands of Chinese cultural tradition; its social, economic, political and religious pattern; its history and the impact of the west, particularly of America; the roots of nationalism, revolution and authoritarianism; problems of reconstruction and the future. Throughout, the author has sustained an objective view of Chinese communism and the Kuomintang; he feels that American public opinion demands that the Kuomintang become more democratic, while he considers that democracy-American style- would not transplant to China. We must support the trends of nationalism and liberalism, and supply economic aid before expecting political reconstruction. Thorough and competent.